How to care for orchids

How to care for orchids

How to water and care for Orchids

Orchid is a wonderful plant that gives us fascinating flowers of different colors, but is very demanding to care for. During the watering of the Orchids it is necessary to follow some important precautions for the health of the plant itself. To avoid water stagnation, the plant must be sprayed twice a day (in the coolest hours of the day from the sun's rays), taking care not to soak the leaves, as excess water could cause serious diseases (even mortals). It is advisable to always put a saucer, with the expanded clay inside moistened, in this way the root system of the plant remains in contact with the water, but no stagnation is created and at the same time the environment around the plant remains moist and promotes its life cycle.

Ideal temperature for Orchids

Orchids, having tropical origins, love and need sun and heat. They are very sensitive and fragile flowers, if the temperature is too low the plant tends to slow down the life cycle, on the contrary if too high breathing increases and the development of the plant is compromised, also creating serious damage to it. Optimal temperatures vary from species to species. Orchids Oncidium, Miltonia, Odontoglossum, Cymbidium and Paphiapedilium are comfortable with a maximum temperature of 27 ° and a minimum temperature of around 18 °. The Orchiedee Cattleya, Brossouda and Lelia are at ease with a maximum temperature of 30 ° and a minimum of 13 °. While the Phalanopsis and Vanda species have a correct life cycle at a maximum temperature of 32 ° and a minimum temperature of 15 °.

How to repot the Orchiedee

During the repotting of Orchids, in order not to favor root rot, the soil should be mixed with pieces of bark, sand or expanded clay, so that the irrigation water does not deposit in the bottom of the pot, as it can create serious diseases harmful to the plant. The Orchid should only be repotted if the pot is no longer suitable for the plant itself, when the soil is too wet and is in the process of maceration, or when it is infested with dangerous parasites or molds. Repotting should be done after flowering or at the beginning of the growing season. During the repotting operation, be very careful not to damage the roots of the plant, therefore, do not force if they do not come out of the pot but immerse it in warm water for half an hour or break it.

How to care for orchids: Possible diseases of orchids due to parasites

The orchid as we have already said above is a beautiful and eccentric flower but very delicate and to be treated at best. If there are brownish spots on the leaves, it means that they have been infested with scale insects or brown or cottony. First you need to disinfect the leaves with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. If the problem is not solved, repotting must be done by cleaning the roots of the plant well. If, on the other hand, the plant has necrotic spots, the leaves tend to yellow, the buds have no life cycle and the plant is sticky, it is possible that the Orchid has been infested with Aphids. These small parasites must be fought quickly with specific pesticides, as, in a short time, they can cause the death of the plant.

Video: 14 Easy Steps: Orchid Care For Beginners. Phalaenopsis orchid care for beginners. iKnow